Located in the Pacific Ocean as well as Indian Ocean, the country of Australia is the largest in Oceania as well as being the sixth-largest country by area. Its neighbours to the north include Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, East Timor, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, while New Zealand lies to the southeast. Australia’s population is highly urbanised along the eastern coast, with the largest city being Sydney. Rainforests stand in the northeast, desert in the central regions, and mountain ranges in the southeast.
Largely influenced by ocean currents, the northern areas has a tropical, monsoon climate, the southwest areas a Mediterranean climate, the southeast an oceanic and subtropical climate, the highlands an alpine climate and the interior an arid climate.
Visit during the cooler months between March and November for ideal rock climbing conditions.
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