Russia (officially called Russian Federation) is the largest country in the world, stretching over Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. St Petersburg and Moscow are the most visited cities of a country famous for so many things, from Orthodox churches to literature, vodka and ballet. Once the epicenter of the Russian Revolution and part of the Soviet Union, Russia has a strong revolutionary history, which can be traced on the country’s imposing modernist buildings, historical museums and iconic landmarks like the Moscow Red Square. The extensive Russian territory ranges from the mountainous and culturally-rich Caucasus region, to the remote and extremely cold Siberia. Looking for off-the-beaten-track adventures? Russia is the place to visit!
Most of the country has long and harsh winters, with very low temperatures. Siberia has registered the coldest temperatures in the world. Summers are short, as well as spring and fall. From May to July, St Petersburg experiences a unique phenomenon known as ‘white nights’: daylight extends for almost 24hs.
Most international airlines fly to Moscow and St. Petersburg. By train, you can reach Russia from many European cities like Berlin, Paris, Helsinki, Prague, Budapest and Warsaw, among others. Bus is a cheaper option, but it takes longer than the train. Keep in mind that (except for some countries) you may need to apply to a Russian Visa before your trip.
Russian ruble (RUB)
Summer (from June to August) is the best time to travel, since days are longer and temperatures pleasant. May and September are also good times for sightseeing or hiking in Russia. The ski season runs from November to March.
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