Egypt is a country in North Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea, as well as Libya, Sudan, and Israel. It is renowned for its ancient history, which includes notable points of history throughout the country. Egypt’s most recognized attractions include the pyramids and the Sphinx at Giza and the Valley of the Kings, rock cut tombs for the pharaohs, in Luxor. The Nile River, with a length of 6,853 kilometers, is one of the longest rivers in the world, and runs through the entire country. Its delta at the Mediterranean Sea has influenced the creation of Cairo, Alexandria, and other cities over the course of time, and the flood plains along the river have contributed to the development of communities and civilizations along the way. Its terrain is varied, from the Sahara to the mountainous Sinai Peninsula, and the Mediterranean and Red Seas have an abundance of wildlife and culture as well.
Egypt is extremely dry, with most of its land a desert. It is also very sunny, with only a small amount of precipitation south of Cairo. Snow falls in the mountains and occasionally in the north.
Egyptian pound (EGP)
Egypt is easy to reach by air. There are main airports in Cairo, Alexandria, Hurghada, and Sharm El Sheikh, allowing for air travel to many popular destinations.
Because of the temperatures, visiting Egypt between October and April is the most accommodating and comfortable. Aim for a trip in late fall or early spring to avoid the crowds.
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